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    2006年6月WTO对中国台北贸易政策审议-中国代表团的发言(英文)

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    Madam Chair,

      Let me start by thanking you for your opening statement. I appreciate the efforts made by the Secretariat and Chinese Taipei in preparing the two respective reports, which have provided a basis for Members to engage in this review. My thanks also go to Ambassador Gosper, the discussant, for his enlightening analysis with regard to the various elements related to the macroeconomic and trade policies of Chinese Taipei including the difficulties created by Chinese Taipei on cross-strait trade, investment and people exchange.

      Madam Chair, my delegation has great interest in this first Trade Policy Review of Chinese Taipei after its WTO accession. The trade and economic ties and exchange of people across the Strait were totally severed for over 30 years after year 1949. To facilitate communications and visits between relatives and friends of the two sides and promote tourism, trade and economic cooperation as well as cultural exchanges, China took the initiative in 1979 by proposing to resume direct postal and shipping links across the Strait as soon as possible and to develop their trade and other economic relations. To this end, China has taken a series of flexible, pragmatic and effective measures, following the principle that the economic and trade exchanges across the Strait should be direct and two-way traffic. These exchanges should also be based on comparative advantages of the two sides, be mutually complementary and beneficial with long-term stability.

      Thanks to the concerted efforts of the people on both sides, trade and economic activities across the Strait have continuously expanded, making the two sides important trading partners to each other. As indicated in the Secretariat Report, however, China has a huge trade deficit with Chinese Taipei and Chinese Taipei’s economy has benefited a great deal from it. According to a study by Taipei-based Chung Hua Institution for Economic Research, a one US dollar increase in Chinese Taipei’s exports to China will result in a two US dollar value added in the related industry in Chinese Taipei. A well-known politician in Chinese Taipei also pointed out that the trade surplus Chinese Taipei enjoyed across the Strait generated greater economic growth in the past two years than its domestic demand. The surplus became a vital force bolstering the island’s economic growth.

      Madam Chair, while it is China’s firm belief that the development and further expansion of the cross-strait trade and economic cooperation is the common aspiration of and will be of the long-term interests for the people on both sides, China has its concerns over the trade regime and policies adopted by Chinese Taipei although efforts have been made in fulfilling its accession commitments over the past few years. Again, as indicated in the Secretariat Report, among others, agricultural products, particularly rice products are still subject to tariff peaks. TRQs cover as many as 130 products including some agricultural goods, passenger coaches and auto chassis. All this not only undermines the goal of free and open trade and investment regime as often declared by Chinese Taipei, but also inhibits its further trade and economic growth.

      China is particularly concerned over the problems of Chinese Taipei with respect to the WTO non-discrimination principle. In too many areas Chinese Taipei practices trade-restrictive policies against China which has prevented the potential for cross-strait trade and economic cooperation from being fully unleashed. Up to now Chinese Taipei has maintained import prohibition on 2,237 tariff lines of products from China without any WTO consistent justifications. In trade in services, China’s providers still find their access virtually blocked in many ways and Chinese companies find it simply impossible to invest in the island. Such a state of affairs is definitely not conducive to the development of cross-strait trade and economic relations. It is not only against the interests of businesses and consumers in Chinese Taipei, but also brings negative impact on businesses invested by other WTO Members in China.    
      Moreover, the economic growth of Chinese Taipei has been greatly impaired. Therefore, Chinese Taipei authorities should be more sensitive to the voices of the relevant, including its own, stakeholders such as businesses, consumers and investors and take specific steps to correct these trade policies and practices which are inconsistent with WTO rules so as to promote trade liberalization and facilitation across the Strait with concrete actions.

      Madam Chair, before this review, China submitted in writing a list of questions through the Secretariat to Chinese Taipei, detailing our concerns about some of the major flaws in Chinese Taipei’s current economic and trade regime. The delegation of China looks forward to their serious and convincing replies. With this review, we hope Chinese Taipei will faithfully honor the basic WTO principles, fully implement its accession commitments, take concrete measures to lift those discriminative prohibitions and restrictions on our products and services, demonstrate sincerity in resolving outstanding issues in the cross-strait trade and economic relations and make efforts for sustained and healthy economic development to the benefit of people on both sides of the Strait.

      Madam Chair, we have taken note with pleasure of the active participation of Chinese Taipei in the DDA negotiations. We look forward to greater courage from Chinese Taipei in this process in upholding the spirit of further trade liberalization and working with other Members for the strengthening and improvement of the multilateral trading system. I wish the first Trade Policy Review of Chinese Taipei a success.

      Thank you, Madam Chair.